Attars/Ittars are alcohol-free and are used by many Muslim men and women. Ittar has long been considered one of the most treasured of material possessions and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has been compared to Ittar as one of the most beloved of gifts given to mankind.
|'Attar', 'Ittar', 'Iter', 'Itr'|
Attar is a natural perfume oil derived from botanical sources. Most commonly these oils are taken from the botanical material through hydro or steam distillation. Oils can also be expressed by chemical means but generally natural perfumes which qualify as Ittar/Attars are distilled naturally. The oils obtained from the herbs flowers and wood are generally distilled into a wood base such as sandalwood and then aged. The aging period can last from one to ten years depending on the botanicals used and the results desired.
These all-natural perfumes are highly concentrated and therefore are usually offered for sale in small quantities and have traditionally been offered in decorated crystal cut type bottles or small jeweled decanters. Attars/Ittars are popular throughout the Middle East, the Far East and India as well as Pakistan. Attars/Ittars have been used in the entire Eastern world for thousands of years. These 100% pure and natural perfumes are free of alcohol and chemicals and so the problems faced in the West by perfume lovers are irrelevant to most Eastern perfume lovers. Natural perfumes are affordable because they are so concentrated that a small bottle will last the user several weeks, if not months. Due to the purity and the nature of oils, there is very little chance of spoilage unless a food based carrier oil is used to cut the concentrated pure oil.
Famous Attars/Ittars List
- Rose Attar/Ittar (Rosa damascena - Flower)
- Motia/Jasmin Attar/Ittar (Jasmine sambac - Flower)
- Mitti Attar/Ittar (Baked earth - Earth from river)
- Kewda Attar/Ittar (Pandanus odoritissimus - Flower)
- Saffron Attar/Ittar (Crocus sativa - Stigma)
- Agarwood/Oud Attar/Ittar (Aquilaria agallocha - Various parts)
- Gul Hina Attar/Ittar (Lawsonia alba - Flower)
- Genda/Merigold Attar/Ittar (Tagetes minuta - Flower)
- Champa Attar/Ittar (Michelia champaca - Flower)
- Bakul Attar/Ittar (Mimusops elengi - Flower)
- Blue Lotus Attar/Ittar (Nymphaea caerulea - Flower)
- Pink Lotus Attar/Ittar (Nelumbo nucifera - Flower)
- White Lotus Attar/Ittar (Nelumbo nucifera - Flower)
- Tuberose/Rajniganda Attar/Ittar (Polianthes tuberosa - Flower)
- White Water Lily Attar/Ittar (Nymphaea ampla - Flower)
- Zafari Attar/Ittar (Tagetes sp - Flower)
- Shamana Attar/Ittar (compound of fragrant spices, herbs, woods - Various parts)
- Amber Attar/Ittar (Pinus Succinifera - ----)
- Chameli Attar/Ittar (Jasminum Grandiflorum - Flower)
- Gulmohar Attar/Ittar (Painciana Regia - Flower)
- Juhi Attar/Ittar (Jasmine Auriculatum - Flower)
- Islamic Bakhur Attar/Ittar (Melaleuca Alternifolia - ----)
- Frangipani Attar/Ittar (Plumeria Ruera - ----)
- Khus Attar/Ittar (Vetiveria Zizanoides - Roots)
- Mogra Attar/Ittar (Abelmoschus Moschus - Flower)
- Loban Attar/Ittar (Styrax Benzoin - Various parts)
- Nakh Choya Attar/Ittar (Citrus Bigardia - Flower)
- Davana Attar/Ittar (Artemesia Pallens - Leaves)
Types of Attars/IttarsAttars/Ittars may be broadly categorized into following types of flavour or ingredients used.
Attars/Ittars manufactured from single species of flower are coming under this category. These are :-
- Gulab ex Rosa damascena or Rosa Edword
- Kewra ex Pandanus odoratissimus
- Motia ex Jasminum sambac
- Gulhina ex lawsonia inermis
- Chameli ex Jasminum grandiflorum
- Kadam ex Anthoephalus cadamba
Attars/Ittars manufactured from combination of floral, herbal & spices come under this category.
Hina and its various forms viz., Shamama, Shamam –tul – Amber, Musk Amber and Musk Hina.
Attars/Ittars which are neither floral nor herbal also come under this category. Ittar Mitti falls under this category and is produced by distillation of baked earth over base material.
|'Attar', 'Ittar', 'Iter', 'Itr'|