Thursday, July 28, 2011

Salat Time Calculation (Salah, Prayer)

Salat Time Calculation (Salah, Prayer)

I- FAJR (Morning Twilight) starts with the dawn and ends before sunrise

II- ZUHR (Noon) begins after Midday when the trailing limb of the sun has passed the meridian. For convenience add few minutes (5/Five) to mid-day (zawal) to obtain the start of ZUHR. ZUHR ends at the start of ASR time.

III- ASR (Afternoon) timing of depends on the length of the shadow cast by an object.

According to the Maliki, Shafi`i & Hanbali school of jurisprudence, ASR begins when the length of the shadow of an object exceeds the length of the object. (Length of any object's shadow equals the length of the object itself plus the length of that object's shadow at noon)

According to the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, ASR begins when the length of the shadow exceeds TWICE the length of the object. (Length of any object's shadow is twice the length of the object plus the length of that object's shadow at noon)

ASR time ends at start of MAGHRIB time.

IV- MAGHRIB (Evening Twilight) begins at sunset and ends at the start of ISHA.

V- ISHA (Night) starts after dusk when the evening twilight disappears and end before time of FAJR.


Salat Time Calculation (Salah, Prayer)

Numbers of Rakats in 5 Daily Prayers (Salat, Salah)

Salat al-Fajr (2+2)
Morning Twilight Prayer

2 Rakat Sunnat (Compulsory)
2 Rakat Fard (Compulsory)

Salat al-Dhuhr (4+4+2+2)
Noon Prayer

4 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
4 Rakat Fard (Compulsory)
2 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
2 Rakat Nafl (Optional)

Salat al-Asr (4+4)
Afternoon Prayer

4 Rakat Sunnat (Optional)
4 Rakat Fard (Compulsory)

Salat al-Maghrib (3+2+2)
Evening Twilight Prayer

3 Rakat Fard (Compulsory) [Raka’ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
2 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
2 Rakat Nafl (Optional)

Salat al-Isha'a (4+4+2+2+3+2)
Night Prayer

4 Rakat Sunnat (Optional)
4 Rakat Fard (Compulsory)
2 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
2 Rakat Nafl (Optional)
3 Rakat Witr (Compulsory)
2 Rakat Nafl (Optional)

Salat al-Jum’ah (4+2+2+4+2+2)
Friday Noon Prayer

4 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
2 Sermon/khutba (Compulsory)
2 Rakat Fard (Compulsory)
4 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
2 Rakat Sunnat (Essential)
2 Rakat Nafl (Optional)


Daily Fard Prayers/Namaz/Salah Numbers of Rakat (Tadad/Quantity) - (Five (5) Compulsory Prayers)

Daily Prayer (Namaz) Name: Fajr فجر 2+2
Prescribed time period (waqt): Morning Twilight > Time between Dawn and Sunrise (Should be read before Sunrise)

2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)


Daily Prayer (Namaz) Name: Dhuhr ظهر 4+4+2+2
Prescribed time period (waqt): Noon > After "True Noon" (Zawal) until Afternoon (Asr).

4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Nafl (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])


Daily Prayer (Namaz) Name: Asr عصر 4+4
Prescribed time period (waqt): Afternoon (Asr) > Time begins when the length of any object's shadow is twice the length of the object plus the length of that object's shadow at noon. Time ends before Sunset (Maghrib).

4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Ghair-Mu'akkdah (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])
4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)


Daily Prayer (Namaz) Name: Maghrib مغرب 3+2+2
Prescribed time period (waqt): Evening Twilight > Between Sunset and Dusk (End of Evening)

3 Rakat [Raka'ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Nafl (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])


Daily Prayer (Namaz) Name: Isha'a عشاء 4+4+2+2+3+2
Prescribed time period (waqt): Night > Between Dusk (End of Evening) and Dawn (it is not good [Makrooh] to read Isha after Midnight)

4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Ghair-Mu'akkadah (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])
4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Nafl (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])
3 Rakat [Raka'ah] Witr - Wajib (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Nafl (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])


Weekly (Friday) Prayer (Namaz) Name: Jum'ah 4+2+2+4+2+2
Prescribed time period (waqt): Friday Noon > After "True Noon" (Zawal) until Afternoon (Asr). On Friday the Dhuhr prayer is replaced by Jum'ah

4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
2 Sermon (khutba) > Consists of 2 sermon (khutba) given by the speaker (Imam) after which rest of prayer will be performed. There is no Salat al-Jum'ah without a khutba. - Wajib (compulsory, non-listner is sinner)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Fard (compulsory, non-performer is sinner)
4 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Sunnat-Mu'akkadah (Abandoned seems to be sinful)
2 Rakat [Raka'ah] Nafl (optional or additional voluntary prayers [Salah, Salat, Namaz])

Tuesday, July 26, 2011

Ramadan Moon Sighting Prayer

Ramadan Moon Sighting Prayer
(Ramzan ka Chaand Dekhnay kay Baad ki Dua)
"O Allah! Let the crescent moon appear over us with security and Iman; (O Moon) My Creator and Your Creator is Allah"
(Ramadan Moon Sighting Prayer)

Ramzan Shab-a-Qadar Dua (Ramadan Night of Power Prayer)


Ramzan Shab-a-Qadar Dua
- Lailatul Qadr -
(Ramadan Night of Power Prayer)
 "O Allah! You are the Most Forgiving and Most Graciou! You love to pardon, so pardon me."
(Dua for Ramadan Night of Power - Lailatul Qadr/Shab-a-Qadr)

Ramadan Prayers for Ashra (1st, 2nd, 3rd)


Ya-Hayyu-Ya-Qayyumu Birahmatika Astagees
Ramadan 1st Ashra Dua/Prayer (First Ten (10) Days of Ramzan)


Astagfirullah Rab-bi Min Kulli Zambiyon Wa-Atoobuilaiyh
Ramadan 2nd Ashra Dua/Prayer (Second Ten (10) Days of Ramzan)


Allahumma Ajirni Minan Naar
Ramadan 3rd Ashra Dua/Prayer (Last/Third Ten (10) Days of Ramzan)


Dua-a-Tarawih (Ramzan/Ramadan Prayers)

Dua-a-Tarawih (Ramzan/Ramadan Prayers)

Ramadan High Way Code of Conduct


Ramadan-High-Way-Code-of-Conduct

Act on Ramadan High Way Code of Conduct and Earn highest reward from Allah Tala.
 ----
Ramadan, Ramzan, Ramadhaan, Ramdhan, Ramazan, Remdhan, Roza, Fasting, Sehr, Iftar

Ramadan Sehr & Iftar Prayers (Ramzan sehri or aftari ki duain)

Ramadan Sehr & Iftar Prayers (Ramzan sehri or aftari ki duain)

Ramadan Sehr Prayer (Ramzan sehri ki dua)
Prayer for Start of Fasting

 Wa bissawmi ghadann nawaitu min shahri ramadan.

‘I intend to keep the fast tomorrow for the month of ramadan’

Ramadan Iftar Prayer (Ramzan aftari ki dua)
Prayer for End of Fasting

Allah humma inni laka samtu wa bika amantu wa alaika tawakkaltu wa ‘ala rizkika aftarto.

‘O Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You (and i put my trust in you) and I break my fast with Your
sustenance’

Friday, July 22, 2011

Family Tree of Hadrat Muhammad SAW start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) and Hadrat Hajra AS [Hajar, Hajjra]*
21- Hadrat Isma'eel (Yishmael)*
22- Qidar (Kedar) or Nebaioth
23- Aram or Send
24- Awda
25- Mazzi
26- Sami
27- Zarih
28- Nahith
29- Muksar
30- Aiham
31- Afnad
32- Aisar
33- Deshan
34- Aid
35- Ar'awi
36- Yalhan
37- Yahzin
38- Yathrabi
39- Sanbir
40- Hamdan
41- Ad-Da'a
42- 'Ubaid
43- 'Abqar
44- Aid
45- Makhi
46- Nahish
47- Jahim
48- Tabikh
49- Yadlaf
50- Bildas
51- Haza
52- Nashid
53- 'Awwam
54- Obai
55- Qamwal
56- Buz
57- Aws
58- Salaman
59- Humaisi'
60- Add
61- Adnan (عدنان) - Adnan
62- Ma'add (معد) - Ma'ad
63- Nizar (نزار) - Nizar
64- Mudar (مضر) - Mudar
65- Elias (إلياس) - Elias
66- Mudrikah (مدركة) - Mudrikah (Who was called 'Amir)
67- Khuzaimah (خزيمة) - Khuzaiman
68- Kinanah (كنانة) - Kinana
69- al-Nadr (النضر) - An-Nadr (Qais)
70- Malik (مالك) - Malik
71- Fihr (فهر) - Fahr (Quraish)
72- Ghalib (غالب) - Ghalib
73- Luwaiy (لؤي) - Lu'ayy
74- Ka'ab (كعب) - Ka'b
75- Murrah (مرة) - Murra
76- Kilab (كلاب) - Kilab
77- Qusai (قصي) - Qusayy (Zaid)
78- Abd Manaf (عبد مناف) - Abd Manaf (Al-Mugheera)
79- Hashim (هاشم) - Hashim ('Amr)
80- Abd al-Muttalib (عبد المطلب) - Hadrat Abdul Muttalib RA* [Wife: Hadrat Fatimah RA*]
81- Abd Allah (عبد الله) - Hadrat Abdullah RA* [Wife: Hadrat Amina RA*]
82- Hadrat Muhammad SAW (محمد) - Prophet Muhammad PBUH

Family Tree of Hadrat Isa AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Leah, Lia]
23- Judah [Wife: Tamar]
24- Pharez
25- Hezron
26- Ram
27- Amminadab
28- Nahshon
29- Salmon (Salmah) [Wife: Rahab)
30- Boaz [Wife: Ruth]
31- Obed
32- Jesse [Wife: Nitzevet]
33- Hadrat Dawood AS
34- Nathan
35- Mattatha
36- Menna
37- Melea
38- Eliakim
39- Jonam
40- Joseph
41- Judah
42- Simeon
43- Levi
44- Matthat
45- Jorim
46- Eliezer
47- Joshua
48- Er
49- Elmadam
50- Cosam
51- Addi
52- Melchi
53- Neri
54- Shealtiel
55- Zerubbabel
56- Rhesa
57- Joanan
58- Joda
59- Josech
60- Semein
61- Mattathias
62- Mahath
63- Naggai
64- Hesli
65- Nahum
66- Amos
67- Mattathias
68- Joseph
69- Jannai
70- Melchi
71- Levi
72- Panther
73- Imran (Joachim) [Wife: Hanna (Anne D/O Fakudh)]
74- [Hadrat Maryam AS (Mary)]*
75- Hadrat Isa AS (Jesus)*

--- 2nd Judgment
71- Levi
72- Matthat
73- Heli
74- [Hadrat Maryam AS (Mary)]*
75- Hadrat Isa AS (Jesus)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Sulaymaan AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Leah, Lia]
23- Judah [Wife: Tamar]
24- Pharez
25- Hezron
26- Ram
27- Amminadab
28- Nahshon
29- Salmon (Salmah) [Wife: Rahab)
30- Boaz [Wife: Ruth]
31- Obed
32- Jesse [Wife: Nitzevet]
33- Hadrat Dawood AS [Wife: Bathsheba]
34- Hadrat Sulaymaan AS (Solomon)

Family Tree of Hadrat Dawood AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Leah, Lia]
23- Judah [Wife: Tamar]
24- Pharez
25- Hezron
26- Ram
27- Amminadab
28- Nahshon
29- Salmon (Salmah) [Wife: Rahab)
30- Boaz [Wife: Ruth]
31- Obed
32- Jesse [Wife: Nitzevet]
33- Hadrat Dawood AS

Family Tree of Hadrat Ilyaas AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Rahil (Rachel)]*
23- Hadrat Yusuf AS (Joseph)*
24- Aphraem
25- Shultam
26- Adi
27- Hadrat Ilyaas AS (Elisha)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Ayyub AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Lia (Leah)]*
23- Levi (Lawi) [Wife: Melcha]
24- Kohath
25- Amram [Wife: Jochebed]
26- Hadrat Musa AS (Moshe, Moses, Mose)* [Wife: Daughter of Hadrat Lut AS]
27- Hadrat Ayyub AS (Job)*

--- 2nd judgment
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Eisav (Esau)
23- Razeh
24- Hadrat Musa AS (Moshe, Moses, Mose)* [Wife: Daughter of Hadrat Lut AS]
25- Hadrat Ayyub AS (Job)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Haroon AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Lia (Leah)]*
23- Levi (Lawi) [Wife: Melcha]
24- Kohath
25- Amram
26- Hadrat Haroon AS (Brother of Hadrat Musa AS)*

--- 2nd judgment
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Eisav (Esau)
23- Razeh
24- Hadrat Haroon AS (Brother of Hadrat Musa AS)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Musa AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Lia (Leah)]*
23- Levi (Lawi) [Wife: Melcha]
24- Kohath
25- Amram [Wife: Jochebed]
26- Hadrat Musa AS (Moshe, Moses, Mose)*

--- 2nd judgment
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Eisav (Esau)
23- Razeh
24- Hadrat Musa AS (Moshe, Moses, Mose)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Yusuf AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)* [Wife: Rahil (Rachel)]*
23- Hadrat Yusuf AS (Joseph)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Yaqoob AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)* [Wife: Rebekah]
22- Hadrat Yaqoob AS (Yaakov, Jacob)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Ishaq AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Wife: Saara, Sarah]*
21- Hadrat Ishaq AS (Yitzchak, Isaac)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Ismaeel AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) and Hadrat Hajra AS [Hajar, Hajjra]*
21- Hadrat Isma'eel (Yishmael)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Lut AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Haran
21- Hadrat Lut AS (Lot)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Ibrahim AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh) [Wife: D/O Cainan (S/O Arfakhshad)]
14- Abir (Eber, Ever)
15- Falikh (Peleg)
16- Ra'u (Reu, Re'u)
17- Saru' (Serug)
18- Nahur (Nahor, Nachor)
19- Tarih (Azar, Terah, Terach)
20- Hadrat Ibrahim AS (Abram, Abraham, Avraham) [Hajar (Hadrat Hajra AS)]*

Family Tree of Hadrat Saalih AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Eram
12- Ather
13- Thamud
14- Hader
15- Ubeid
16- Maseh
17- Ubeid
18- Hadrat Saalih AS

Family Tree of Hadrat Hud AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*
11- Sam (Shem)
12- Arfakhshad (Arphaxad, Arpachshad)
13- Shalikh (Salah, Shelah, Shelach, Saleh)
14- Hadrat Hud AS* (Hood)

Family Tree of Hadrat Nuh AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

01- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
02- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
03- Anusha (Enosh)
04- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
05- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
06- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
07- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))
08- Mutwashlack (Methuselah, Metushelach)
09- Lamik (Lamech, Lemech II)
10- Hadrat Nuh AS (Noah)*

Family Tree of Hadrat Idris AS start from Hadrat Adam AS

1- Hadrat Adam AS* and Hadrat Hawwa AS* [Wife of Adam; Eve, Hawwa, Chavah]
2- Hadrat Shith AS (Seth, Sheit, Seth)
3- Anusha (Enosh)
4- Qainan (Kenan, Keynan)
5- Mahla'il (Mahalalel, Mehalalel)
6- Yarid (Jared, Yered)
7- Akhnukh (Hadrat Idris AS*, Enoch, Chanoch))

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Rasool Allah SAW & Ummahatul Momineen RA Shajra Mubarak (Family Tree)

Prophet Muhammad PBUH (Rasool Allah SAW)
& His Respected Wives (Ummahatul Momineen RA)
Family Tree (Shajra)
Start from Prophet Ibrahim AS

Prophet Muhammad PBUH
(Rasool Allah SAW)
and
His Respected Wives
(Ummahatul Momineen RA)
Family Tree
(Shajra)
Start from
Prophet Ibrahim AS


Thursday, July 14, 2011

Welcome Ramadan-al-Mubarak

Welcome Ramadan-al-Mubarak

Welcome Ramadan-al-Mubarak

Welcome Ramadan-al-Mubarak

Sweet Ramadan-al-Mubarak Wishes

Sweet Ramadan-al-Mubarak Wishes

Sweet Ramadan-al-Mubarak Wishes

Sweet Ramadan-al-Mubarak Wishes

Ramazan-ul-Mubarak Wishes

Ramazan-ul-Mubarak Wishes

Ramazan-ul-Mubarak Wishes

Ramazan-ul-Mubarak Wishes

Ramadan-al-Mubarak (Ramazan Kareem)

Ramadan-al-Mubarak (Ramazan Kareem)

Ramadan-al-Mubarak (Ramazan Kareem)

Ramadan-al-Mubarak (Ramazan Kareem)

Blessed Ramadan-al-Mubarak Greetings

Blessed Ramadan-al-Mubarak Greetings

Blessed Ramadan-al-Mubarak Greetings

Blessed Ramadan-al-Mubarak Greetings

Things that Void, Not Void or Hateful the Fast

Things that Makrooh (Detestable/Hateful) the Fast

1.       The fast becomes makrooh by lying, back-biting, swearing or by ill-treating others.
2.       It is also Makrooh to taste anything or to chew anything and spit it out.
3.       It is makrooh to kiss, embrace or commit acts to arouse passion.
4.       To gargle excessively and to take water excessively through nose in large quantities is Makrooh.

Things That Make The Fast Null And Void

1.       Eating, drinking, or sexual intercourse - if committed while aware that one is fasting - makes fast void.
2.       Smoking in any form will nullify the fast.
3.       Anything even smaller than a gram that was stuck in the teeth nullifies the fast if it is swallowed.
4.       Medical drops or oil inserted in the nose or ears nullifies the fast.
5.       If one swallows spit by licking it off after it leaves the mouth, it nullifies the fast. If one spews while aware that he is fasting, the fast is null and void. This is not the case if he spews less than a mouthful.

Things That Do Not Nullify The Fast

1.       Insects, smoke dust that goes into the throat uncontrollably.
2.       Applying surma (collyrium) to eyes.
3.       Applying oil to hair will not nullify the fast.
4.       While sleeping, if one experiences a seminal discharge, this does not nullify the fast.
5.       If water passes into the ears it does not break the fast.

Expliation (Kaffara) For Breaking The Fast.
The Kaffara for deliberately breaking fast can avail any of below provision.

1.       Fast for 60 consecutive days
2.       Feed 60 poor people if ill-health forbids the former. One can feed 60 people 2 proper meals, or One can feed one poor person 2 proper meals for 60 days. or One can give the poor 1 Kg and 700g of wheat or cash to its value per person to 60 poor people.
3.       Buy and set free a slave

Fidya
If a person is unable to fast due to old age or some serious illness will increase due to fasting, then that person will have to give 'Fidya' for every fast. The amount that should be given for Fidya is:

1.       One kg and 700g of wheat or cash to its value.
2.       Two meals or cash to its value.

Any of the above should be given to a poor person. Please note the amount stated above is per fast. So if a person has missed 30 fast, then any one above provisions that a person wishes to give, must be multiplied by 30.

Those who Exempted from Fasting

1) During Travelling.
2) Pregnant women whose health is endanger.
3) Breast feeding women who fear their milk will dry up.
4) Severe sickness/illness.
5) Old age
6) Fear of death due to weakness.
7) Insanity (Psychosis, Madness, Mental illness).

Note: It is compulsory to keep the missed Fasts, but the old who are totally incapable of keeping the missed fasts must give fidya (a ransom meal to a needy person) for every fast missed. Those permitted not to fast should not eat or drink openly but secretly.

Types of Fast (Roza) Compulsory, Optional & Prohibited Fasts

Fard/Farz (Unavoidable/Obvious/Compulsory)
Fasting during the month of “Ramadan al Mubarak”.

Wajib/Wajjib (Necessary/Required)
Fasting for the fulfillment of a vow (promise, guarantee, declare, swear, undertake) or an oath (curse, promise, pledge,).

Sunnat/Sunnah (Needed/Desired)
Fast on the 9th & 10th of “Muharram al Haram”.
Fast on 9th of “Zil Hajj”.
Fast on 13th, 14th & 15th of every Lunar Month (Islamic Month).

Mustahab/Mustahib (Good Conduct/Optional)
Fast during the six (6) days of “Shawwal”.
Fast 15th of Shaban.
Fast on every Monday & Thursday.

Makrooh/Mukrooh (Bad Conduct)
Fast for a “Wife” to keep a Non-Fard (Non-Compulsory) Fast without the permission of her “Husband”.

Haram/Harram (illegal/Banned/Forbidden/Prohibited/Not Allowed)
Fast on the days of both Eids.
Fast on the 11th, 12th & 13th of “Zil Hajj”.

Safar al Muzaffar, 9th Month of Islamic Calendar (Sifr, Sufr, Sifar, Sufar, Safer, Sufer, Sifer)

Safar al Muzaffar literally means ‘the void (empty) month’.

The origin of this word has two theories:
1) When the pagan Arabs went on their looting expeditions they would leave their houses empty or ‘sifr’ meaning void.
2) The word is derived from the Arabic word for yellow called ‘sufr’: as when it was first named it fell in the time of autumn, hence the derivation the word yellow as all the leaves at that time turned yellow.

It is held to be the unluckiest month of the calendar, as in this month Adam was turned out of the Garden of Eden.

Question:
Is there anything special in month of Safar al Muzaffar, because people are saying that this month Allah sends many problems for his slaves? Is it true that we are supposed to pray specific prayers to protect ourselves and we are not supposed to marry or have any other happy occasion?

Answer:
The answer of this question that We supplicate Allah to bless us to follow the right Sunnah. Know that a Muslim must safeguard his faith and keep it away from myths and superstitions. Allah says (interpretation of meaning):

{Say: "Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allâh has ordained for us. He is our Maulâ (Lord, Helper and Protector)." And in Allâh let the believers put their trust.}[9: 51]

He also says (interpretation of meaning):

{… And whosoever puts his trust in Allâh, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allâh will accomplish his purpose. …}[65: 3]

The month of Safar al Muzaffar is like all other months. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) condemned what is said about this month. Abu Hurairah (Radiya Allahu Anhu) reported from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) that he said:

"No 'Adwa (i.e. no contagious disease is conveyed to others without Allah's permission); nor (any evil omen in the month of) Safar al Muzaffar; nor Hama." A bedouin said, "O Allah's Apostle! What about the camels which, when on the sand (desert) look like deers, but when a mangy camel mixes with them they all get infected with mange?" On that Allah's Apostle said, "Then who conveyed the (mange) disease to the first (mangy) camel?"

It is narrated from Ibn Masoud that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said:

"No 'Adwa nor Safar al Muzaffar, Allah created every soul and wrote its life, livelihood and trials." [At-Tirmithi]

The above Ahadith clearly prove that the month of Safar al Muzaffar does not have any special characteristics.

Know that performing special prayers in this month to safeguard oneself from evil or abstaining from marrying or from any other happy occasion is nothing but myths.

A Muslim should give up such fairy tales and should follow the Holy Qur'an, sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and the way of the Sahabah (Prophet's companions) and their followers.

Ramadan al Mubarak, 9th Month of Islamic Calendar (Ramdan, Ramzan, Ramadhan, Ramazan, Ramdhan, Ramzhan)

Ramadan al Mubarak ( رمضان, Ramaān) is a Muslim religious observance that takes place during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, believed to be the month in which the Holy Qur'an began to reveal. It is the Islamic month of fasting in which Muslims don't eat or drink anything and abstain from intercourse or ejaculation (not a wet dream) from sunrise 'till sunset. Fasting is meant to teach the person patience and humility.

Origin
The name "Ramadan al Mubarak" is taken from the name of this month; the word itself derived from an Arabic word for intense heat, scorched ground, and shortness of rations. It is considered the most venerated and blessed month of the Islamic year. Prayers, fasting (roza, sawm), charity, and self-accountability are especially stressed at this time; religious observances associated with Ramadan al Mubarak are kept throughout the month.

Practices during Ramadan al Mubarak

Fasting (Day time Fasting from Saher to Iftar)
The most prominent event of this month is the fasting (roza, sawm) practiced by all Muslims. Every day during the month of Ramadan al Mubarak, Muslims around the world get up before dawn to eat the Suhoor meal (the pre dawn meal) and perform their fajr prayer. They break their fast when the fourth prayer of the day, Maghrib (sunset), is due.

During Ramadan al Mubarak, Muslims are expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam and to avoid obscene and irreligious sights and sounds. Purity of both thought and action is important. The fast is intended to be an exacting act of deep personal worship in which Muslims seek a raised level of closeness to Allah Almighty. The act of fasting is said to redirect the heart away from worldly activities, its purpose being to cleanse the inner soul and free it from forbidden(harm). Properly observing the fast is supposed to induce a comfortable feeling of peace and calm. It also allows Muslims to practice self-discipline, sacrifice, and sympathy for those who are less fortunate, intended to make Muslims more generous and charitable. Muslims can eat after the sun has set. Pregnant women(if it is harmful to them), the elderly, the ill and children less than 12 years of age(Minors) are all exempted as it is not obligatry on them.

Prayer and reading of the Qur'an
The Muslims tend to perform the recitation of the entire Qur'an by means of special prayers, called Taravih, which are held in the mosques every night of the month to complete the Whole Quran during the month, so that by the end of the month the entire Qur'an has been completed. Taravih is an Arabic word referring to those extra prayers. This prayer is performed after salah of Isha'a, but before the witr rakat.

Muslims also pay Zakat (zakaat/zekat/zikat only applicable if one can afford it) during the month. For those who qualify to pay Zakaat, as per the Islamic Nisab (that is those whose wealth exceeds their necessities), of the leftover of their wealth earned in that Islamic calendar year. Although Zakat can be paid any time of the year, it has to be calculated on a year to year basis, and many Muslims use Ramadan al Mubarak as the month for calculation and disbursement.

Ramadan al Mubarak is also a time when Muslims are to slow down from worldly affairs and focus on self reformation, spiritual cleansing and enlightenment, establishing a link between Allah Almighty and themselves by prayer, supplication, charity, good deeds, kindness and helping others.

Since it is a festival of giving and sharing, Muslims prepare special foods. There is also a social aspect involved - the preparing of special foods and inviting people for the Iftar meal (the meal to break the Fast).

In many Muslim and non Muslim countries with large Muslim populations, markets close down in the evening to enable people to perform prayers and consume the Iftar meal (the meal to end the fast) - these markets then re-open and stay open for a good part of the night. Muslims can be seen shopping, eating, spending time with their friends and family during the evening hours.

Events of Ramadan al Mubarak
Laylat al-Qadr (لیلة القدر) (known as Shab-e Qadr in Persian), literally the "Night of Power" or "Night of Measures", is the anniversary of two very important dates in Islam that occurred in the month of Ramadan al Mubarak.Muslims believe that it was the night of the Laylat al-Qadr that the Chapter 97(Al Qadr 'Power') of the Quran was revealed. The exact night of the Laylat al-Qadr is only known to Allah and Muhammed but He chooses to keep it to Himself so that Muslims won't pray only that night. That is why Muhammad indicated that it was one of the last ten odd nights of Ramadan al Mubarak.

The Islamic holiday of Eid ul-Fitr (عيد الفطر) marks the end of the fasting period of Ramadan al Mubarak and the first day of the following month (Shawal 10th month of Islamic calendar), after another new moon has been sighted. The Eid falls after 29 or 30 days of fasting, as per the lunar (moon) sighting.

Muslims are encouraged to fast six days in Shawwal, the month following Ramadan al Mubarak that begins after Eid ul-Fitr; these days need not be consecutive. According to hadith, one who fasts the month of Ramadan al Mubarak and six days during Shawwal will be rewarded as though he fasted the entire year.